Continuing Professional Development (CPD) for pharmacists: Implications for professional practice

Laura O'Loan


There is increasing pressure across the professions to ensure that the educational approaches used for Continuing Professional Development (CPD) will improve practice. Improved pharmacy practice in this study was taken to be increased engagement in proactive extended patient care activities. An online questionnaire was emailed to all registered pharmacists in Northern Ireland (N=2201). After two follow-ups there were 419 responses (19%). Data were analysed using SPSS version 21. Geometric coding (an algebraic method) was used to convert the multiple response data collected into categorical variables that were amenable to statistical analysis. An association was found between the CPD activities that pharmacists had undertaken and the professional activities they engaged in. Structured forms of CPD incorporating workplace learning activities improved professional practice, compared to the baseline (unstructured learning only). Pharmacists’ attitudes towards CPD and pharmacy practice also had an impact on both the CPD activities and professional practices they engaged in.


Geometric Coding; Pharmacy Education; Professional Development; Professional Practice

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