A pilot test on the application of an e-book with videos in the teaching and learning of compounding for pharmacy students

Chan Siok Yee, Amirah Mohd Gazzali


The e-book phenomenon has taken us to a whole new era in knowledge dissemination. Although printed books still have their place in the heart of many, the application of e-books may compliment the current role of printed books, besides serving as a low-cost option with less physical storage space needed. Printed books have always been a source of reference for students. However, this is not always practical especially in the laboratory settings where students’ rapid movements may cause liquid spillage and unwanted accidents on the printed books. Hence, e-books may become a handy option with more easily updated information. Pharmacy, as with other professional courses, requires graduates to develop specific knowledge and skills such as the skill of medication compounding. This reported pilot study was conducted on the application of a practical guide e-book for compounding in pharmacy, which provided guidance to students on laboratory ethics, product documentation, prescription interpretation and pre-formulation calculation, with incorporated product preparation videos for easy and fast referencing. Students were able to refer to the videos in the e- book during practical classes to learn and avoid any mistakes during product preparations. The results showed that 39% of students agreed on the application of the e-book in practical classes, but 59% of them preferred the e-book for revision purposes. The e-book should complement and not totally replace the printed laboratory books, and would be useful to enhance students’ experience in laboratory teaching and practical classes. The presentation and the content of the e-book needs further refinement to ease its use and application


E-book; Compounding; Video; Pharmacy; Practical class

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